When one or more of your drains are moving slowly, it is imperative to determine the cause and then handle the issue. However, before you can fix the problem, you need to be aware of the different problems that can create a slow moving drain.
When several drains are moving slowly, you may have a backflow issue that will not allow your drains to work properly. A backflow issue happens when the pressure inside the pipes is incorrect. As the issue goes on, most of your drains will move slowly or stop altogether. You may also see the contents of the pipes go back into the sinks, toilets, or tubs within your home.
For many homeowners, the source of this problem comes from the city's main sewer line. Somewhere in the main sewer line, the pressure is causing the sewage to flow back into your home instead of away from it. Luckily, a plumber can fix this problem by installing a backflow pump, which should correct the problem and prevent this issue from slowing down your drains in the future.
Substances that go down your into your plumbing lines can be another cause for slow moving drains. Soaps, detergents and oil can create a film along the inside of the pipes. This film collects other debris such as hair or food, which then blocks the drain and eventually causes it to slow down and stop working all together.
Unlike a backflow issue, clogs only affect one drain at a time, which can help you rule out the larger sewer line problems. For example, if your kitchen sink is the only drain that is moving slowly, then the problem is a buildup within that line or the garbage disposal may be clogged.
Most plumbers can fix this issue quickly by cleaning out the drains with a plastic snake that has barbs on the end. This tool allows them to pull out the solid debris within the drain.
After the solid masses are gone, the plumber will then use high-powered water to clear the sides of pipes. Using the higher-powered water allows the plumbers to remove the film without having to use harmful chemicals to get rid of these substances.
In some cases, the number of drains that are moving slowly can give you an idea about the type of problem you have. Unfortunately, these are only two causes for slow moving drains, which is why you should consult a plumbing service. The plumber can inspect your drains and then determine the best method for dealing with the problem.